Year after year, we can observe a downward trend in the number of death sentences and executions worldwide. The death penalty has not always been practiced in the United States, although Time magazine, using research from M. Watt Espy and John Ortiz Smykla  and data from the Death Penalty Information Center, estimated that in this country, more than 15,700 people have been legally executed since 1700. Technically, the death penalty could still be imposed for offences including. Most recently, Washington, Delaware, Maryland, Connecticut, and Illinois have all abolished capital punishment. The table below presents the countries that have abolished the death penalty, in order of the year in which it was abolished. In Singapore and Japan, executions are carried out by long drop hanging. 4) Does any European country have the death penalty? The Philippines has since abolished executions, and Guatemala has done so for civil offenses, leaving the United States as one of four countries to still use this method (along with China, Thailand, and Vietnam). As of 2020, a total of 53 countries still have the death sentence, employing a variety of methods including hanging, shooting, lethal injection, electrocution and beheading. However, Amnesty says that 142 countries have either abolished the death penalty in law or in practice and that in the past five years 33 countries have carried out at least one execution. Rare footage shows the last public execution in France in 1939. According to World Atlas, three countries still carry our public executions, although the data is inconclusive. For more information about Connecticut, Delaware, New Mexico, New York, Rhode Island, and Washington, see the notes below. At least 26,604 people were known to be under sentence of death globally at the end of 2019. Abolitionist and Retentionist Countries TYPE OF COUNTRY NUMBER Abolitionist for all Crimes 106 Abolitionist for Ordinary Crimes only 7 Abolitionist in Practice 29 Retentionist Countries 56 Total Abolitionist in law or practice 142 Countries that have abolished the death penalty… Sub-Saharan African countries that have recently abolished the death penalty include Burundi, which abolished the death penalty for all crimes in 2009, and Gabon which did the same in 2010. Lime-green states have a death penalty statute but have not executed anyone since 1976.   States Without The Death Penalty (22) In addition, the District of Columbia has abolished the death penalty. Belarus is the only European country not to have abolished the death penalty. Amnesty collects its statistics using official figures, media reports and information passed on from individuals sentenced to death and their families and representatives. Over the past 20 years, more than 50 States have abolished it in law. By 2019, 142 countries had abolished the death penalty in law or practice, leaving 56 countries still using capital punishment. The number of countries which have formally abolished the death penalty has been steadily increasing, from 48 in 1991 to 106 in 2017. There are 98 countries which have abolished it for all crimes. After India got her independence from the British yoke, Ratan Bai Jain was the first woman to be hanged in India’s capital. History of Death Penalty Laws by State. The Pakistan Penal code lists 27 different offences punishable by death. Trump discussed 'pardoning himself' as Congress pushes for ouster or impeachment, Rioters appear to scream ‘HANG Mike Pence’ after Trump blamed VP for loss, Wife of 'healthy' doc who died after Covid jab fears it triggered death, Woman shot at US Capitol previously hit with restraining order, Trump branded 'MONSTER' by aide and 'mentally unreachable' during Capitol riots, © 2020 THE SUN, US, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED | TERMS OF USE | PRIVACY | YOUR AD CHOICES | SITEMAP, Comments are subject to our community guidelines, which can be viewed, A table used to administer lethal injections. States Have Abolished the Death Penalty Alaska, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, DC, … This is the lowest number of executions that Amnesty International has recorded in at least a decade. By 2019, 142 countries had abolished the death penalty in law or practice, leaving 56 countries still using capital punishment. He writes: “The state, after all, has to distinguish the violence of its punishment from the violence it is punishing, and by allowing a last meal and a final statement. 33 states have either abolished or have not used the death penalty in the last 10 years. It is believed Britain influenced America's use of the death penalty more than any other country, with the first recorded execution of Captain George Kendall in the Jamestown colony of Virginia in 1608. The executions took place simultaneously at 8am on August 13. They had knifed a friend to death for money. Since 1976, more than 75 nations have abolished the death penalty for all crimes, while others have abolished it for ordinary crimes. No additional countries banned the death penalty in 2019 for the second year in a row, but Amnesty says that 142 countries have either abolished the death penalty in law or in practice. The last people to be sentenced to death in the Britain were Peter Anthony Allen and Gwynne Owen Evans – real name John Robson Walby – in 1964. *Updated 2019 Throughout history, societies around the world have used the death penalty as a way to punish the most heinous crimes. The death penalty has declined dramatically around the world in recent years. Claim: Some 170 States have either abolished the death penalty or introduced a moratorium on its use. Belarus is the only European country not to have abolished the death penalty. (n.d.). The method was mainly lethal injection with two by electrocution. DS: Today, over 100 countries have legally abolished the death penalty for all crimes. Today, over two thirds of the world’s countries have abolished the death penalty in law or in practice. ... Of these, 83 have abolished the death penalty for all crimes and 13 have abolished the death penalty for all but exceptional crimes, such as wartime crimes. The most recent countries to abolish capital punishment include Burkina Faso (2018), Guinea (2017), Benin (2016), and Madagascar (2015). About 10 states have abolished it or had the governor put a moratorium on it in the past decade. Most executions took place in China, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Egypt – in that order. In 2019, the United States executed 22 people across seven states. The number of countries which have formally abolished the death penalty has been steadily increasing, from 48 in 1991 to 106 in 2017. 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